This essay explores the pivotal role of epigenetics in understanding the interplay between genetics and the environment. It covers the fundamentals of epigenetic modifications and their control over gene expression. The impact of environmental factors on epigenetics is discussed, linking external influences to disease susceptibility. The essay delves into epigenetics' involvement in cancer, neurological disorders, and autoimmune diseases, highlighting therapeutic implications and potential targets. The conclusion emphasizes the dynamic nature of epigenetics, offering insights into disease etiology and promising avenues for personalized medicine.
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